Open Journal of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases Vol.4 No.3(2014), Article ID:43974,9 pages
Yuichiro Nishida, Kumpei Tokuyama, et al.
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Rodent study suggests that interleukin (IL)-15 administration enhances insulin sensitivity. Although it is well known that circulating levels of typical inflammatory markers (C-reactive protein [CRP] and IL-6) are positively associated with homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), there are no studies investigating the associations of other inflammatory markers including IL-15 with peripheral/hepatic insulin sensitivity in humans. The current study aimed to examine the relationship between the levels of adiopokines or inflammatory cytokines and insulin sensitivity in 8 healthy middle-aged men. Circulating levels of 10 insulin sensitizing adipokines or inflammatory cytokines (total adiponectin [APN], high molecular weight adiponectin [HMW-APN], IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-8, IL-15, interferon [IFN]-γ, tumor necrosis factor [TNF]-α, and TNF-β) were measured. A stable-labeled frequently sampled intravenous glucose tolerance test was performed to assess peripheral () and hepatic () insulin sensitivity estimated by 2-compartment minimal model. The levels of 3 inflammatory cytokines (IL-4, IL-6, and IL-15) were significantly and inversely correlated with either and. The association between IL-15 and either or was significant even after adjusting for age and percent body fat (p < 0.01). The current study showed a possible inverse association between serum IL-15 level and peripheral/hepatic insulin sensitivity in healthy middle-aged males, indsependent of percent body fat; this association in humans warrants further study.