NHP IP-10 Analyte Overview
Also known as Interferon Gamma-Induced Protein 10, CXCL10, C-X-C Motif Chemokine 10
Interferon gamma-induced protein 10 (IP-10), also known as C-X-C motif chemokine 10 (CXCL10) or small-inducible cytokine B10, is a small cytokine with diverse roles in the immune system. Many cell types release IP-10 in response to stimulation from IFN-γ. It has chemotactic properties for activated T cells, monocytes, macrophages, natural killer cells, and dendritic cells. It promotes the adhesion of T cells to endothelial cells and has strong anti-tumor properties. It inhibits bone marrow colony formation and angiogenesis. IP-10 expression has been associated with HIV-1 infection, where it contributes to the accumulation of activated T cells in the cerebrospinal fluid compartment of infected individuals. The retroviral transactivator, HIV-1 Tat, is a potent inducer of IP-10 expression in astrocytes. IP-10 expression has also been shown to be significantly elevated in astrocytes within the brains of Alzheimer’s disease patients, where its expression is associated with senile plaques. Higher levels of IP-10 are documented in Hepatitis C patients who respond poorly to antiviral treatment.
Typical Assay Characteristics
Features & Requirements
- Data available as fast as 4 hours
- Sensitive, reproducible, and convenient 96-well format requiring low sample volumes
- Requires the Q-View™ Imaging System for analysis of multiplexed chemiluminescent planar-based arrays
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