Rat IL-1α Analyte Overview
Also known as Interleukin 1 alpha, fibroblast-activating factor (FAF), B-cell-activating factor (BAF), leukocyte endogenouse mediator (LEM), epidermal cell-derived thymocyte-activating factor (ETAF), serum amyloid A inducer of hepatocyte-stimulating factor (HS), catabolin, hemopoetin-1 (H-1), endogenous pyrogen (EP), osteoclast-activating factor (OAF), proteolysis-inducing factor (PIF), IL1a, IL-1a, mouse interleukin 1a
Interleuken 1 alpha (IL-1a or IL-1α), also known as hematopoietin 1, is a cytokine that plays a role in inflammation, fever, and sepsis. It is produced by macrophages, neutrophils, and endothelial and epithelial cells. In the skin, IL-1a is regularly produced at high levels and helps maintain skin barrier function against pathogens as well as overall skin condition. As part of the immune response, its production is by microbial exposure. It is responsible for releasing inflammatory mediators and acute phase proteins. The severity of inflammation, fever, and sepsis are associated with circulating IL-1a levels. IL-1a inhibitors are a potential target for therapeutics to treat and prevent these conditions as well as mediate skin conditions such as acne. Additionally, IL-1a is part of the pathway that activates tumor necrosis factor-alpha and helps kill some kinds of cancer cells. It also supports stem cell expansion and osteoclast formation following bone marrow transplant.
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